• National Standards


    Standard 1: Demonstrates competency in

    motor skills and movement patterns needed

    to perform a variety of physical activities.



    Standard 2: Demonstrates understanding of

    movement concepts, principles, strategies, and

    tactics as they apply to the learning and

    performance of physical activities.



    Standard 3: Participates regularly in physical






     Standard 4: Achieves and maintains a health-

    enhancing level of physical fitness.


     Standard 5: Exhibits responsible personal 

    and social behavior that respects self and

    others in physical activity settings.




    Standard 6: Values physical activity for health,

    enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or

    social interaction.

    Massachusetts State Standards

    End of Grade 5:

    Through the study of Motor Skill Development students will


    2.1 Apply movement concepts including direction, balance, level (high, low), pathway (straight, curve, zigzag), range (expansive, narrow), and force absorption (rigid, with bent knees) to extend versatility and improve physical performance In pairs, students practice throwing and catching different objects, then hitting a target. Observe partner and use movement concepts to provide feedback


    2.2 Use a variety of manipulative (throwing, catching, striking), locomotor (walking, running, skipping, hopping, galloping, sliding, jumping, leaping), and non-locomotor (twisting, balancing, extending) skills as individuals and in teams


     2.3 Perform rhythm routines, including dancing, to demonstrate fundamental movement skills


    Through the study of Fitness students will


    2.4 Identify physical and psychological changes that result from participation in a variety of physical activities


    2.5 Explain the benefits of physical fitness to good health and increased active lifestyle


    2.6 Identify the major behaviors that contribute to wellness (exercise, nutrition, hygiene, rest, and recreation, refraining from using tobacco, alcohol, and other substances)


    Through the study of Personal and Social Competency students will


     2.7 Demonstrate responsible personal and social conduct used in physical activity settings


    End of Grade 8:

    Through the study of Motor Skill Development students will


    2.8 Use combinations of manipulative, locomotor, and non-locomotor skills to develop movement sequences and patterns, both individually and with others


    2.9 Demonstrate developmentally appropriate basic manipulative and advanced specialized physical skills, including throwing and catching different objects with both accuracy and force, hand and foot dribbling while preventing an opponent from challenging, and accurate striking proficiency


    2.10 Perform a rhythm routine that combines traveling, rolling, balancing, and weight transfer into smooth flowing sequences with intentional changes in direction, speed, and flow Students create gymnastics or dance routines using objects (such as balls and flags)


    Through the study of Fitness students will


     2.11 Apply basic principles of training and appropriate guidelines of exercise to improve immediate and long-term physical fitness


    2.12 Participate in activities that promote physical fitness, decrease sedentary lifestyle, and relieve mental and emotional tension


    2.13 Explain the personal benefits of making positive health decisions and monitor progress towards personal wellness


    Through the study of Personal and Social Competency students will


    2.14 Apply advanced movement concepts and beginning game strategies to guide and improve individual and team performance


    2.15 Demonstrate strategies for inclusion of all students in physical activity settings related to strength and speed In teams, students identify and try various ways for players of different abilities to participate fully


    2.16 Describe the purpose and benefits of sports, games, and dance in modern society

    Students choose and participate


    End of Grade 12:

    Through the study of Motor Skill Development students will


    2.17 Demonstrate developmentally appropriate competence (basic skills, strategies, and rules) in grade 12 many and proficiency in a few movement forms and motor skills (team sports, aquatics, individual/dual sports, outdoor pursuits, self-defense, dance, and gymnastics)

    2.18 Demonstrate activities for warming up and cooling down before and after aerobic exercise

    2.19 Apply concepts about sequential motor learning and development, biomechanics, exercise physiology, and sports psychology


    Through the study of Fitness students will

    2.20 Demonstrate exercises in strength training, cardiovascular activities, and flexibility training

    2.21 Identify the components of physical fitness and the factors involved in planning and evaluating fitness programs for individuals at different stages of the life cycle

    2.22 Conduct a personally developed physical activity program

    Students participate daily in any physical activity and keep a journal for one-month recording specifics (such as aerobic endurance, flexibility, and strength) and description of physical and psychological states before, during, and after participation. At the end of the month, summarize with personal recommendations regarding the amount and regularity of activity, as well as beliefs about future commitment to a daily or weekly schedule of exercise

    2.23 Meet developmentally appropriate health-related fitness benchmarks

    Through the study of Personal and Social Competency students will

    2.24 Identify life-management skills and protective factors that contribute to achieving personal wellness health goals, including researching, evaluating, and implementing strategies to manage personal wellness, monitor progress, and revise plans